Electrical Resistivity Converter
Electrical resistivity, also known as electric resistivity or specific electrical resistance, is a fundamental property of materials that measures how strongly they oppose the flow of electric current. It is represented by the Greek letter "ρ" (rho) and is usually measured in units of Ohm-meter (Ω•m). Electric resistivity plays a crucial role in various applications, including electronics, electrical engineering, and materials science. Understanding and converting between different units of electric resistivity are essential for engineers, scientists, and anyone working with electrical properties.
Below are the definitions of the most commonly used units of electric resistivity and their conversion factors:
Ohm-meter (Ω•m): The Ohm-meter is the standard unit of electric resistivity in the International System of Units (SI). It represents the resistance between opposite faces of a one-meter cube of the material.
Conversion Factor: 1 Ω•m = 1 Ω•m (Base Unit)
Ohm-centimeter (Ω•cm): The Ohm-centimeter is another common unit of electric resistivity. It represents the resistance between opposite faces of a one-centimeter cube of the material.
Conversion Factor: 1 Ω•cm = 0.01 Ω•cm
Ohm-inch (Ω•in): The Ohm-inch is used primarily in the United States and represents the resistance between opposite faces of a one-inch cube of the material. To convert from Ohm-meter to Ohm-inch, use the conversion factor:
Conversion Factor: 1 Ω•in = 0.0254 Ω•m
Microohm-centimeter (μΩ•cm): The Microohm-centimeter is a smaller unit used to express very low resistivity values.
Conversion Factor: 1 μΩ•cm = 1 / 100,000,000 Ω•m = 10^-8 Ω•m
Microohm-inch (μΩ•in): The Microohm-inch is the corresponding unit to Microohm-centimeter, but in inches.
Conversion Factor: 1 μΩ•in = 2.54 / 100,000,000 Ω•m = 2.54 * 10^-8 Ω•m
Abohm-centimeter (abΩ•cm): The Abohm-centimeter is an older unit used in the centimeter-gram-second (CGS) system. One Abohm-centimeter is the equivalent of 10^-9 ohm-centimeters.
Conversion Factor: 1 abΩ•cm = 10^-11 Ω•m
Statohm-centimeter (statΩ•cm): The Statohm-centimeter is another unit used in the cgs (centimeter-gram-second) system.
Conversion Factor: 1 statΩ•cm ≈ 8.9875 * 10^11 Ω•cm ≈ 8.9875 * 10^13 Ω•cm
Circular-mil-ohm/foot (cmil•Ω/ft): The Circular-mil-ohm per foot is commonly used to measure the resistance of wires and conductors.
Conversion Factor: 1 cmil•Ω/ft ≈ 1 / 601530493 Ω•m
Understanding electrical resistivity and being able to convert between different units is essential for various engineering and scientific applications. Whether you are designing electrical circuits, analyzing materials' properties, or working on electronics projects, having a comprehensive electric resistivity converter tool at your disposal can simplify your work and ensure accurate results. Always pay attention to units and make conversions when necessary to ensure seamless communication and calculations in the field of electrical engineering and materials science.