Electrical Conductivity Converter
Electrical conductivity, also known as electric conductivity, is a fundamental property of materials that measures their ability to conduct electric current. It is a crucial concept in physics and plays a significant role in various fields, including electronics, electrical engineering, and material science. Electric conductivity is represented by different units, and converting between these units can be essential for various applications.
What is Electrical Conductivity?
Electric conductivity is a measure of how well a material allows the flow of electric charge through it. In other words, it quantifies the ease with which electric current can pass through a substance. Conductivity depends on the nature of the material and its temperature. Materials with high electric conductivity are excellent conductors of electricity, while those with low conductivity are known as insulators.
Electric conductivity is a fundamental property that arises due to the presence of free electric charges within the material. In metals, for example, electric current is carried by delocalized electrons that can move relatively freely through the lattice structure. In contrast, insulators have very few free charges, and electric current cannot flow easily through them.
Units of Electrical Conductivity
Siemens per meter (S/m): Siemens per meter is the standard unit of electric conductivity in the International System of Units (SI). It measures the conductance of a material in Siemens (S) per unit length in meters (m).
Conversion Factor: 1 S/m = 1 / 10^9 abS/m
Absiemens per meter (abS/m): Absiemens per meter is an older unit of electric conductivity used in the centimeter-gram-second (CGS) system. Though not commonly used today, it is still encountered in various contexts.
Conversion Factor: 1 abS/m = 10^9 S/m
Statsiemens per meter (statS/m): Statsiemens per meter is another unit of electric conductivity used in the centimeter-gram-second (CGS) system, which is now mostly obsolete. Conversion Factor: 1 statS/m ≈ 3.336 × 10^−10 S/m